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Nigeria profile
the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea
Nigeria history
British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history.
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Conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria

Conventional short form: Nigeria
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Nigeria's capital city is Abuja
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Nigeria Constitution:

adopted 5 May 1999;
effective 29 May 1999
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Nigeria population growth rate: 2.56%
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Nigeria highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
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Nigeria lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 33% of Nigeria's land is arable.
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River Niger is the Longest River in Nigeria
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Nigeria birth rate is 39 births/1,000 population
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Nigeria infant mortality rate is 74 deaths/1,000 live births
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Nigeria fertility rate is 5.31 children born/woman
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Nigeria climate:

varies;
equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
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Top 10 cities of Nigeria with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Lagos: 9,000,000
2. Kano: 3,626,068
3. Ibadan: 3,565,108
4. Kaduna: 1,582,102
5. Port Harcourt: 1,148,665
6. Benin City: 1,125,058
7. Maiduguri: 1,112,449
8. Zaria: 975,153
9. Aba: 897,560
10. Jos: 816,824
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Nigeria ethnic groups:

Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
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Nigeria Exports:

petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber
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Nigeria Imports:

machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals
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bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats, 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
36 states.
1. Abia, 2. Adamawa, 3. Akwa Ibom, 4. Anambra, 5. Bauchi, 6. Bayelsa, 7. Benue, 8. Borno, 9. Cross River, 10. Delta, 11. Ebonyi, 12. Edo, 13. Ekiti, 14. Enugu, 15. Gombe, 16. Imo, 17. Jigawa, 18. Kaduna, 19. Kano, 20. Katsina, 21. Kebbi, 22. Kogi, 23. Kwara, 24. Lagos, 25. Nassarawa, 26. Niger, 27. Ogun, 28. Ondo, 29. Osun, 30. Oyo, 31. Plateau, 32. Rivers, 33. Sokoto, 34. Taraba, 35. Yobe, 36. Zamfara
and 1 territory: Federal Capital Territory
Political parties and leaders:
Accord Party - Mohammad Lawal MALADO
Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) - Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE
All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) - Ogbonnaya C. ONU
All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) - Victor C. UMEH
Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) - Tony MOMOH
Democratic Peoples Party (DPP) - Jeremiah USENI
Labor Party - Umar MUSTAPHA
Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) - Bamanga TUKUR



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